International: DDR - Specific needs analysis of women and girls in reintegration

06 July 2010

A summary of the first week of UNINSTRAW's virtual discussion on 'Gender and DDR'.

Week One of the virtual discussion aimed to address the following questions:

  • What are the specific needs of women and girls that must be addressed in reintegration processes?
  • What are the different roles women and girls assume during armed conflict and its aftermath and how do these affect their status in reintegration?

Week One: Main points on the specific roles and needs of female ex-combatants

  1. There is a need to include women at all levels and phases of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration processes, which means the adoption of a participatory model for needs assessment and the incorporation of women at the peace and negotiation table.
  2. It is very important to address stigmas and patriarchal structures that inhibit women’s successful reintegration. This necessitates training and sensitization of male counterparts and community members.
  3. It is essential to adopt a human security framework and to frame the issue of DDR within broader work on integrating women and gender into peace and conflict processes as called for by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325).
  4. Women and girls assume different roles in combat and therefore the definition of “combatant” needs to be broadened to include women and girls who are not armed.
  5. Psychosocial support and reproductive health needs must be addressed in reintegration processes.
  6. Vocational training cannot assume essentialist gender ideals and roles and must provide women with choice (this includes the provision of child care where relevant) and must be self-sustaining, long-term and empowering.
  7. Organizations and entities providing women and girls with effective reintegration packages that address stigmas and community exclusion must be aware that unsuccessful programmes may result in females having to resort to sex work.
  8. To access the week two topic on good practices and lessons learned, please go to: or register to participate at:


Original Document:
GDDR_VD_Summary_I.pdf (191260 bytes)